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Morgan Stanley: Central Bank "Liquidity Surge" Could Push S&P To 3,500

January 8, 2020

Over the past two months, when commenting on the market meltup, we said that there is just one chart that traders need to track as to the causes of this impressive move higher in risk assets. It is the chart - presented below - which shows the weekly change in the Fed's balance sheet, and which has increased 11 of the past 12 weeks ever since the launch of the Fed's QE4, superimposed over the weekly change in the S&P500. And as we have pointed out repeatedly, whereas the S&P has risen every week when the Fed's balance sheet rose, it dropped the one week when the balance sheet declined, effectively indicating that the entire market surge has been a function of Fed liquidity.


And while this theory has had its share of opponents, especially among the armchair "traders" of fintwit, one bank which is in full agreement with the "liquidity surge" as the cause for the market meltup is Morgan Stanley, whose chief US equity strategist Michael Wilson, writes in his latest weekly note that "we begin the New Year where we left off with excessive liquidity supporting risky assets."


Commenting simply that "liquidity wins", Wilson writes that "the fourth quarter of 2019 was a mirror image of 4Q2018" as almost all stocks and sectors participated in a strong rally "fueled by a central bank pivot." Putting his own trade reco in context, Wilson writes that in the US, "we have had much more confidence in the first part (liquidity) of that narrative than the second (accelerating growth) and have been expecting liquidity to win out. In our year ahead outlook back in November and subsequent research notes, we suggested the S&P 500 could surpass our 2020 year end 3250 Bull case target due to this almost unprecedented liquidity surge."


Echoing what we have repeatedly said, the Morgan Stanley strategist writes that with "over half a trillion dollars of balance sheet expansion provided by the Fed and others, it was pretty easy for us to be bullish on asset prices into year end. Sure enough, the S&P 500 has achieved our year end 2020 bull case already and looks poised to go higher."


The problem Wilson is grappling with is just how much further (and longer) will this unprecedented "liquidity surge" last and whether it will push the market substantially higher.


Here are the fact: as a reminder, the Fed, BOJ and ECB are expanding their collective balance sheets by $100B per month in addition to the Fed's overnight Repo operations which have ranged from $75B to $490B at year end. This is the exact opposite of year end 2018 when tight liquidity conditions led to a broad year-end meltdown in asset prices. As Wilson notes, "the market impact this year has been the opposite too--a 4Q melt-up. While year end repo operations will now fade, the Fed's $60B per month T-Bill buying will not, nor will the ECB or BOJ's more traditional QE operations. Not to be left out, the PBOC decided to cut its RRR rate by 50bps last week which effectively releases $115B worth of reserves into the financial system."


Now whether one wants to call what the Fed is doing QE4 or not (we do, some other more clueless elements still refuse to admit what BofA , Deutsche Bank  and Jefferies recently conceded is indeed QE), Wilson tanley writes that in his view, "this excess liquidity has suppressed volatility to extremely low levels, potentially eliminating two way risk in markets", and adds:


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